Vein Disorders

Spider Veins

 Spider veins, or telangiectasias, are small, thin, blood vessels visible beneath the skin. They appear most commonly on the face and legs and may look like a series of lines, tree branches, or a spider- or web-like shape with a dark center. They serve no useful purpose in the body. It is estimated that they affect nearly half of adult women in the U.S.

Spider veins are caused by a variety of factors, including heredity, pregnancy (and other conditions that involve changes in hormone levels), weight gain and long periods of standing and leg dependency. They often appear red or blue, and because they form on the face, thighs, calves and ankles, many patients are bothered by the way they look.

Others seek medical treatment for uncomfortable symptoms such as aching, burning, swelling and cramping. The standard treatments for spider veins are sclerotherapy and laser or pulsed light treatments.


Varicose Veins

Varicose veins serve no useful purpose in the body. They are swollen, dark blue or purple blood vessels that you can see and feel beneath the skin. They often look like twisted cords or may take a straight path under the surface of the skin. Varicosities usually appear on the calves, inside or on top of the thigh, and around the ankles.Varicose veins form when the valves within a vein weaken and allow some blood to flow backward. The vein weakens under the additional strain and balloons outward, raising the skin surface. Patients often complain of aching, heaviness, swelling, throbbing, itching, cramping, restless legs and general discomfort with standing or dependency. However, some rather large varicose veins remain asymptomatic. Correct treatment often takes care of the discomfort associated with the condition. Some people with varicose veins seek cosmetic treatment to reduce their appearance on the legs. Sometimes, however, more significant problems can develop if veins are left untreated. Some patients go on to develop swelling, skin discoloration or rash at the calves and ankles with eventual ulceration of the skin. This is due to the elevated pressure at the skin level veins in the lower leg.

treatment often takes care of the discomfort associated with the condition. Some people with varicose veins seek cosmetic treatment to reduce their appearance on the legs. Sometimes, however, more significant problems can develop if veins are left untreated. Some patients go on to develop swelling, skin discoloration or rash at the calves and ankles with eventual ulceration of the skin.

This is due to the elevated pressure at the skin level veins in the lower leg. Some enlarged varicose veins are prone to develop a superficial phlebitis which is a painful, firm clot in a varicose vein. In other cases veins can rupture and result in significant bleeding. For this reason, patients with varicose veins should be examined by a professional who specializes in vein treatment.


Venous Ulcers

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